Dog Nutrition: Key Facts

A balanced diet with necessary nutrition facts is essential for every animal. Hence, dogs also require such a diet to improve their health, growth and maintenance of broken tissues or cell. Moreover, bearing in mind some needs, deficiencies, specific instruction to follow and most importantly the type of diet your pet needs to complete the daily cycle of nutrition. Nowadays it has become easier because the high-quality pet foods are available in the market with a variety of advantages that can be used. This manufacturer of this food focus on the needs of the pet and they try to meet the exact requirements of their product.

            Before going into details of different requirements that are associated with the dogs, it is important to know some other factors as well. The age of dog matters a lot in determining the nutritional facts and needs. Hence, dogs with different age require different diet plan. The age also defines the quantity of food that should be fed normally. This article is all about these factors that must be analysed first before you create a nutrition plan for your dog.

Nutritional Requirements

 

            The metabolism process of every animal is similar to humans. As it is a requirement of our body to have a minimum amount of food to get enough energy out of it. Dogs also have similar characteristics and they also entail some very basic nutrition elements that are essential for their growth. Some of the elements are listed below:

  • Water
  • Carbohydrates
  • Protein
  • Fats

Water

 

            The efficient working capability of many organs depends merely on the water intake. It ensures the proper functioning of kidney, liver and process of urination. Hence, they must have clean water available so that they don’t have a deficiency of water at all. Water deficiency can lead to multiple consequences for dogs and any other pet. A deflation of 10% water in the body can result in extensive illness and it can become the cause of death if it approaches 15% somehow.

Carbohydrates

 

            Carbs are a major source of energy for the human body as they provide energy packets. It is very necessary for the formation of tissues and muscles as well. As it has no minimum requirement for the daily intake of carbs but to achieve minimum glucose level it plays an important role. Hence, the role of glucose is supplied energy to precarious organs such as the brain.

            Fibres are an essential type of carbs that changes the number of bacterias in the small intestine. It helps in the prevention of diarrhoea in dogs that can have numerous negative impacts. Hence, these fibres must be part of the daily intake in order to deal with such problems. Beet pulp is one of the best sources of fibre that is used normally in dog nutrition. It provides the required fibres that increase the immune system as well. Corns, wheat and rice are some more examples that are rich in such fibres. However, the young dogs only need a low quantity of these fibres and offering them with the high quantity can result in illness as well.

Protein

 

            Nothing can be more important than protein in nutrition facts. These are regarded as the building block for muscles, cells, organs, tissues, hormones, that plays important role in growth, reproduction and maintenance. There are multiple sources that are protein-rich and animal meats are at the top of the list. Chicken, beef, lamb, eggs and fish meats have a very high percentage of protein. Moreover, all the components given above have all the six amino acids that are used normally in muscle building and maintenance. It is highly prohibited to give your dog raw eggs because it alters the process of metabolism and interferes in the digestion of glucose, fats and amino acids.

Fats

 

            When carbohydrates are taken more than the daily requirement, these are stored in the form of packets in the body. These packets of energy are specifically named as fat that carries a lot of weight. Hence, these have a complex form of energy in it that can provide twice the energy as compared to carbs and protein. These are an essential part of diet plan that plays important role in structuring the cell. Moreover, fat also works as an insulation that offers great protection for organs in the body. Hence, dogs must eat a specified amount of fat daily in order to avoid such problems. The main problems due to deficiency of fats are skin problems and growth issues.

Feeding a Puppy

 

            Puppies habitually get used to mother’s milk and it becomes arduous sometimes to get rid of it. However, it is essential for your puppy to have a diet plan that must include the nutrition facts that are discussed above. The process of transition from mother’s milk to a natural diet plan is known as weaning. The progression of weaning starts right between the third and fourth week of dog’s age and it must end before the end of eight weeks. The two major factors must be considered before weaning and feeding a puppy.

  • When to Wean: It is not essential to feed any other nutrition instead of mother’s milk in the first four months. It has all the necessary components that complete the cycle efficiently. However, after the duration of four months, it becomes obligatory for the puppies to be fed by commercially available diet. Moreover, in case of illness of mother or orphanage, puppies can be fed with commercial milk in the first four months.
  • How to Wean: The process takes three to four months because it is a gradual progression. Separate puppy from mother for an hour firstly and increase the time gradually. In the same instance, try to offer some food as well so that it interacts with it to develop interest. After some time the dog will become more dependant on the commercial food instead of mother’s milk.

Feed an Adult Dog

 

            It is easier to feed an adult do,g rather than a puppy because they are grown-up. They typically follow the same routine to fulfil their requirements. However, some of the tips must be understood before feeding an adult dog.

            The amount of food depends purely on the size of a dog and activity level. It may vary between different pets but it is one of the best ways to determine calorie intake. A normal dog that doesn’t have any activity at all will be fine with the required nutrition that must be equal to daily calorie intake. However, on the other side, a dog with high exercise and extensive activities may require 25-40% more intake than the maintenance needs. Hence, a schedule can also be made to define easier yet effective diet plan.

Feed an Overweight Dogs

 

            It is very important to know the daily requirement of a dog to avoid overfeeding it. Most of the owners offer a tasty meal with sweets and meat that result in an overweight situation. Most importantly, it can cause numerous harms to the dog because he/she will get used to it and it will become difficult to stop them after a month also.

            To avoid it, daily evaluations must be done in order to rectify the diet plan. Consuming more calories than needed results in overweight and it is the only reason for getting bulky. Moreover, inflation in daily exercise can also result in weight loss as well. A regular exercise reduces appetite, burns enough calories and it alters the composition of the body as well.

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